Problem-based learning                                          
Topic Editor - Michelle McLean

PBL, an educational approach in which small groups of learners under the guidance of a tutor or  facilitator work through a ‘problem’ to hypothesize what might be happening. In so doing, they identify gaps in their knowledge and understanding and generate learning issues. After a period of self-study, often supported by activities and resources provided by faculty, the group returns to fully explain the ‘problem’ and to check that all group members have the same understanding. In health sciences, the ‘problem’ can be a patient, a community or a contextually relevant scenario.