Answer to "Where in the world are institutions currently running LICs?"

The first known longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC) from the University of Minnesota launched over 45 years ago.  Since then, this model has been incorporated into medical school curricula across five continents and is in at least 6 countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, United States).  Worldwide in 2014, 45 schools reported having a LIC.  As of 2015/2016, 44 out of 142 US and Canadian medical schools reported having a LIC.  Currently the University of Wollongong in Australia, the Northern Ontario School of Medicine in Canada and some US schools, including the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, have whole class LICs.


AAMC. AAMC curriculum inventory.  Accessed 2017, July 10.

Poncelet AN, Hirsh D.  2016. Background, Definitions, History. In: Poncelet AN, Hirsh D, editors. Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships: Principles, Outcomes, Practical Tools and Future Directions. North Syracuse, NY: Gegensatz Press; p.1-8.

Worley P, Couper I, Strasser R, Graves L, Cummings BA, Woodman R, Stagg P, Hirsh D and the CLIC Research Collaborative. 2016. A typology of longitudinal integrated clerkships. Med Educ. 50(9):922-932.