Answer to "What are most effective steps for implementing flipped classroom teaching method?"

 

Preparation is essential for the flipped classroom method. A number of scholars have provided much-needed hints and tips for undertaking a flipped classroom teaching method, notably:

Before face-to-face activity:

  • Prepare both students and educators for this new approach (NYU Web Communications, no date; Moffett, 2015);

  • Draw on educational theory and evidence to design and organize your flipped classroom effectively (Moffett, 2015; The University of Adelaide, 2018);

  • Ensure you effectively link pre- and class material together (The University of Adelaide, 2018);

  • Decide on which technology to use, and skill yourself up (NYU Web Communications, no date; Corbat, 2013; The University of Adelaide, 2018);

  • Consider how a wider group of ‘educators’ can be engaged in the pre-class material (Moffett, 2015);

  • Ensure learners have access to the necessary equipment, connectivity and technical skills for pre-class activities (Moffett, 2015);

  • Facilitate learners’ motivation to get involved (Corbat, 2013; The University of Adelaide, 2018);

  • Ensure that pre-class activities facilitate active learning (e.g. authentic, problem-solving, enquiry-based) (NYU Web Communications, no date; Moffett, 2015);

  • Use a recognized framework (e.g. Bloom’s taxonomy) to skilfully design your activities so that students learn better (Moffett, 2015);

  • Use virtual learning environments for maximum efficacy and provide sufficient direction (synchronous/asynchronous discussions, moderated/free-flow) (Moffett, 2015);

  • Consider using feedback in the pre-class activities (e.g. questions/answers after video engagement) to enable you to tailor your in-class activities to your learners’ needs (NYU Web Communications, no date; Moffett, 2015);

During face-to-face activity:

  • Establish the roles in the classroom: be clear yourself and demonstrate clarity to learners in terms of your role as a guide, coach, and expert tutor and the learners’ role as autonomous learners (NYU Web Communications, no date);

  • Consider brief review and/or test and/or questions at beginning of class to put learners in the right frame of mind and reveal areas on muddiness for further learning (NYU Web Communications, no date);

  • Consider grouping students based on their level of knowledge (Fyfe, no date)

  • Make the most of the flipped classroom features (e.g. time saved in teaching during class time can be used for innovative educational methods) (Moffett, 2015);

  • Consider creative class-based learning methods (e.g. ted-talks, quizzes, role-play) and include plenty of interaction (Gormans, 2011; Moffett, 2015);

After face-to-face activity:

  • Embed evaluation into your flipped classroom to assess the efficacy and enable you to tweak aspects that appear to be working less well (NYU Web Communications, no date; Corbat, 2013; Moffett, 2015; The University of Adelaide, 2018);

  • Provide directions for the continuation of learners’ development (NYU Web Communications, no date);

  • Keep a personal journal of what worked (or not) clarifying if and how learning failed to meet expectation and how to improve this for the next time.

References

Corbat, J. (2013) ‘6 Steps To A Flipped Classroom -’, TeachThought, 20 March. Available at: https://www.teachthought.com/learning/6-steps-to-a-flipped-classroom/ (Accessed: 12 March 2019).

Fyfe, T. (no date) The Role of the Teacher in Flipped Learning, Sophia. Available at: https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/the-role-of-the-teacher-in-flipped-learning?utm_campaign=share&utm_content=tutorial&utm_medium=facebook&utm_source=sophia (Accessed: 12 March 2019).

Gormans, M. (2011) ‘Part 1: Flipping The Classroom? … 12 Resources To Keep You On Your Feet’, 21st Century Educational Technology and Learning, 30 November. Available at: https://21centuryedtech.wordpress.com/2011/11/30/part-1-flipping-the-classroom-12-resources-to-keep-you-on-your-feet/ (Accessed: 12 March 2019).

Moffett, J. (2015) ‘Twelve tips for “flipping” the classroom’, Medical Teacher, 37(4), pp. 331–336. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2014.943710.

NYU Web Communications (no date) Steps to Flipping Your Class, NYU. Available at: http://www.nyu.edu/content/nyu/en/faculty/teaching-and-learning-resources/strategies-for-teaching-with-tech/flipped-classes/steps-to-flipping-your-class (Accessed: 12 March 2019).

The University of Adelaide (2018) 7 Steps to Flipping with a Framework | Flipped Learning in Adelaide, Flipped Learning in Adelaide. Available at: https://www.adelaide.edu.au/flipped-classroom/resources/steps/ (Accessed: 12 March 2019).

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