Performance-based Feedback for Professional Growth

Topic Editors: Subha Ramani, MBBS, MMEd, Karen Könings, PhD, Joan Sargeant, PhD


Dr. Subha Ramani, MBBS, MMEd, is Director of Scholars in Medical Education Pathway, Internal Medicine Residency Program, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Dr. Karen Könings, PhD, is Associate Professor at the School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht University, the Netherlands and an Honorary Professor at the School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.

Dr. Joan Sargeant, PhD, is Professor, Medical Education and Continuing Professional Development, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Feedback in medical / health professions education has traditionally been a one-way street, focussing on how teachers provide feedback to learners and feedback training which emphasises the skills for giving feedback. This perspective is being questioned as more educationalists view feedback as a complex social interaction that is influenced by many factors with the key outcome of learner growth. In this chapter, we focus solely on feedback exchanged between teachers and learners on their performance (knowledge, skills and attitudes) with the aim of professional growth. Though conversations involving mentoring and advising include some degree of feedback, those are outside the scope of this topic.